The Contribution of Psychology to Education (1910)
Edward L. Thorndike (1910)Teachers College, Columbia University
First published in The Journal of Educational Psychology, 1, 5-12.
Psychology is the science of the intellects, characters and behavior of animals including man. Human education is concerned with certain changes in the intellects, characters and behavior of men, its problems being roughly included under these four topics: Aims, materials, means and methods.
Psychology contributes to a better understanding of the aims of education by defining them, making them clearer; by limiting them, showing us what can be done and what can not; and by suggesting new features that should be made parts of them.
Psychology makes ideas of educational aims clearer. When one says that the aim of education is culture, or discipline, or efficiency, or happiness, or utility, or knowledge, or skill, or the perfection of all one’s powers, or development, one’s statements and probably one’s thoughts, need definition. Different people, even amongst the clearest-headed of them, do not agree concerning just what culture is, or just what is useful. Psychology helps here by requiring us to put our notions of the aims of education into terms of the exact changes that education is to make, and by describing for us the changes which do actually occur in human beings.
Psychology helps to measure the probability that an aim is attainable. For example, certain writers about education state or imply that the knowledge and skill and habits of behavior which are taught to the children of today are of service not only to this generation and to later generations through the work this generation does, but also to later generations forever through the inheritance of increased capacity for knowledge and skill and morals. But if the mental and moral changes made in one generation are not transmitted by heredity to the next generation, the improvement of the race by direct transfer of acquisitions is a foolish, because futile aim.
What if.. your dreams, your wish, the things you often pray and hoped for someday it would come to you; will never show up?
sad, sad, depress, pathetic, miserable.
While your closest would say: move on, forget about it, God have better plans for you.. just wait for it.. pray and wait.. have faith…
The fine line between, wanting and not given is crystal clear. Even though you have the potential seen through people eyes, its just not given.
Many experience this dissatisfactory too. Some are far worst than mine. But then some are far lucky than others. Believe and religions helps us to justify things most of the time.. we beg the creator to give us mercy on things that should be spare or given. As a believer myself how far will this save mankind.
Inspired by Mr. Barry Schwartz talk during TED 2005.
This American Psychologist give evidences on mankind faces tremendous-mass choices that are given to us in a daily basis. Taking time, energy to make what is best for ourselves.
How much we want to be happy should be define by how much freedom should we acquired. The more freedoms we have, the more happy we would think. But the consequences of massive freedom as in freedom of choices, will only get us into bigger problems; which is making the right decisions. We questions every details of decisions, and we plot the consequences on a bigger picture to get the right product. This process will overload us, and in an unfortunate event, we end it by making bad decision for over thinking it too much.
I sincerely believed that too much of something is bad. It comes a point where too much something give us too much responsibilities. In general most of us don’t like that huge responsibilities. It’s a lot of thinking, more energy is given out - in tiny space. Its just painful.
When we hold that big responsibilities, and it inward pain to ourselves in someway, and we tend to give pain to your environment. We come across with people who blame and argue on people (our own society) mindset. They put reasons of their “mindset” in context to their argument. They feel that the people are wrong, its just wrong. By saying that, they think they accomplished a new dimension of enlightenment. If you are big powerful men, its seems that you have the power and the acknowledgement of having the right to say anything and make decision for any forms. It’s freedom. If the freedom is a gift then part of the responsibility to use it is making a wise decision. But then why did people with that responsibilities tend to make a bad judgement on their assets. Well at least try to appreciates and respect people mindset before creating a mass insult to its own society. “How are you not same like us in term of mindset?" "We grew together with the same Education.” “Seriously, I have a better way than your way. Insulting and preaching our own kind of mindset is very low and bias.” “Are your enlightening us, or insulting us?" "Who are you again? So?”
When it comes with mindset is, don’t create bias if you are part of it too. Whole lot decisions can make paralysis on decisions. The past spoken decisions make us clinical depression someday. The label you put on a culture limits the excuses for you to make choices for us. After all your judgement was plain poor and your too shy to admit it. The best way to make changes is by giving example and teaching the right and nice way.. Don’t teach by insult. Insult promises you hell.